The Internet has created a mechanism for exchanging a wide variety of vast amounts of data such as text, images, videos, and audio data in some way every day. The Internet of Things ( IoT ) is said to generate even greater amounts of data exchange.
The existence of AI (artificial intelligence) is indispensable for explaining IoT. I would like to explain what kind of relationship AI (artificial intelligence) and IoT have, starting with the basic knowledge for knowing IoT.
What is IoT?
The IoT is often described as the Internet of Things, but what is the IoT in the first place?
IoT is an abbreviation for “Internet of Things” and is called “Internet of Things” in Japanese. The idea is that everything is connected via the Internet. In this case, “things” range from home appliances such as air conditioners and washing machines at home to automobiles, equipment in factories, and drones. By connecting a wide range of things to the Internet across industries and industries, there are various merits such as making it easier to do things that were not possible before and that took a lot of time and effort to realize.
Features of IoT
“IoT” has two features: “knowing” and “operating”.
- To know
By attaching a sensor to the door, you can “know the state of things via the Internet” to know the open / closed state and locked state of the door.
- To operate
In addition to being able to unlock the house from a distant place, it is also a feature of IoT that it can be operated from a remote location, such as turning on the power of the air conditioner.
- IoT + AI (artificial intelligence) = infinity
IoT and AI (artificial intelligence) have evolved in the process of technological innovation and practical application. In today’s world, where the technologies of both parties are being used more and more as a set, they are gradually permeating our lives. Therefore, there are many examples of introducing AI (artificial intelligence) into IoT. In the future, AI (artificial intelligence) robots will expand into our lives even more, making them even more convenient and comfortable.
IoT use cases
IoT home appliances linked to the Internet
Perhaps the first thing most people think of when they hear the word IoT is home appliances. For example, if you notice that you have forgotten to turn off the electricity after leaving the house, you can turn it off by operating it with your smartphone.
The productivity of crops is easily affected by the weather, the skills of the people who cultivate the fields, the size of the farmland and the number of people, and it takes a lot of effort for people to manage the vast farmland. Smart agriculture was born to solve these agricultural issues.
In smart agriculture, in addition to introducing IoT, robots support agricultural work and machine learning, which is one of the AI (artificial intelligence) technologies, performs harvest prediction, etc., resulting in higher quality with less effort. You can grow good crops and increase the yield. However, many farms have a vast area, and there are issues such as the area where IoT sensors can be installed.